What is hemoglobin

If you want to know what is hemoglobinso this note is for you. Hemoglobin (from the Greek haima - blood and the Latin globus - a ball) is a protein found in the blood of all animals that have a circulatory system. Its main property is that it transports oxygen to the tissues of the body. We offer you interesting medical facts about hemoglobin.

Surely many readers know that 55 percent of the blood is plasma. The remaining 45 are in the blood cells, among which the red blood cells occupy the dominant position. These are red blood cells, which are 95% hemoglobin.

So, hemoglobin performs the function of an oxygen postman, taking the "goods" in the lungs, and spreading it to the cells of a living being. However, back to the lungs, he does not return "empty", but taking carbon dioxide with him.

Hemoglobin is red, making the blood appear red.

It looks like hemoglobin under the microscope

If the hemoglobin level in a man is 130-160 grams / liter, and in a woman 120-150 g / l, then this is considered the norm. An interesting fact is that in pregnant women there is a natural dilution of blood, and hemoglobin becomes less.

For this reason, gynecologists carefully monitor the status of this indicator in expectant mothers. If the lack of this protein becomes critical, various medications are prescribed.

For those who often have low hemoglobin, should regularly visit the fresh air, use fresh juices (especially pomegranate), use eggs, fish and dairy products in reasonable measures.

By the way, reduced hemoglobin in humans is called anemia (from the Greek. Anemia).

An inquisitive reader, who now knows what hemoglobin is, will find it helpful to read interesting facts about blood.

Watch the video: What is the lowest hemoglobin level you have seen or heard of? (April 2020).