Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was born on January 29, 1860 in Taganrog. This is one of the most outstanding writers of not only the 19th century, but in general, of all times. You will understand this when you read all interesting facts about Chekhov.
So, the ingenious Russian writer, playwright and prose writer was a professional doctor. This fact is known to more or less all educated people, but few go further. In fact, Anton Pavlovich was very soulful towards those patients whom he treated.
In his stories, there is often a tremendous observation of a born doctor who can analyze not only the external characteristics of a person, but also the inner world.
Being an extremely subtle psychologist and a profound connoisseur of the soul, he often helped patients with unusual problems.
Interesting facts about A.P. Chekhov so much that one can make a whole book of them. However, we need to do with one article.
I just want to add that if you have never read the works of this brilliant Russian writer, known throughout the world as an outstanding classic, you will certainly fill this gap. Many great people of the twentieth century considered Chekhov's reading the best rest for the mind.
After all, the amazing beauty of Chekhov's language, stunning humor, irony and depth of judgment - all this makes his stories unique and unparalleled in the world.
Despite many humorous works, it was an unusually serious and, at the same time, ironic person.
According to the stories of his contemporaries, Chekhov's eyes were slightly narrowed and laughing. I must say that it was in the full sense of the "male" writer. That is, he was completely alien to sentimentality.
He never regrets his heroes, but talks about them with an incredible combination of a doctoral statement of facts and a juicy design of the most subtle artistic style.
So, let's move on to our main topic.
Interesting facts about Chekhov A.P.
- In the family of Chekhov there were five sons and one daughter. Anton was the third child.
- His father was a simple merchant, a grocery store owner.
- Every day after school, Chekhov and his brothers took turns guarding his father’s shop. At five in the morning, the family woke up to sing in the church choir.
- For many years, Chekhov loved to sing in the family with his brothers and sister. He himself played the part of viola. According to the writer, "he had no childhood as a child."
- In general, I must say that Chekhov's parents were very pious people. They observed all church ordinances and taught them children. My father played the violin and often worked as a regent. Anton Pavlovich grew up in a very musical family, which significantly influenced his future life.
- On the whole, Chekhov was growing up in a close-knit family, despite the father’s somewhat despotic character.
- Little Antoshu Chekhov was called "Bomb" because he had too big a head. However, he was angry at this. According to the memoirs of relatives, he was the most humble son among children.
- Many think that Chekhov was a frail and frail “nerd”. In fact, according to the description of his acquaintances, in his youth, Anton Pavlovich had a reputation as the “Russian bogatyr”. However, by the end of his life, he was really disappointing, because for several years he was seriously ill with tuberculosis. An interesting fact is that once Yury Yakovlev, a famous artist, whose height was 187 cm, decided to try on a real Chekhov jacket. What was his surprise when he turned out to be just in size. Consequently, the height of Anton Chekhov was not less than 185 cm ... What is it!
- An interesting fact is that the writer, along with fame, had a lot of fans. And they literally pursued him.
Walking through the streets, he now and then came across "random" ladies who tried their best to attract his attention. They carefully considered his costume, admired his gait and smile, which, according to the recollections of many contemporaries, was really "amazing." Acute languages of local journalists were instantly given the apt name to the writer's fans - Antonovka.
- Did you know that Anton Pavlovich Chekhov is one of the three most screened authors in the world? Shakespeare is leading this triad, followed by Chekhov and Dickens, respectively.
- Few know another interesting facts from Chekhov’s biography. The fact is that his grandfather, Yegor Mikhailovich, was a serf, but he managed to raise the necessary amount of money and redeem the whole family.
- It is also interesting that in 1899, Emperor Nicholas II signed a decree granting hereditary nobility to Chekhov. However, he was not something that was rejected, but simply ignored by the writer. Anton Pavlovich did not react at all to the appearance of this decree and generally does not mention it anywhere, although he was well aware of its existence.
- In the imperial family of Nicholas II, Chekhov's works were often read, and even home plays were sometimes staged on them.
- Prior to his wide recognition, the young writer worked for various publications as a "literary Negro" for about 5 years. As a rule, he was ordered humorous stories.
- It is authentically known that Chekhov had more than 50 different pseudonyms. The most famous of them are: Antosha Chekhonte, Schiller Shakespearevich Goethe, Champagne, My brother's brother, Nut No. 6, Nut No. 9, Rook, Spleen Man, Akaki Tarantulov, Someone, Arkhip Indeykin, Vasily Spiridonov Svolachev, etc.
- Few know that Anton Chekhov was an extremely kind man, despite some “doctoral” angularity. He spent his entire adult life doing charity work. He helped raise funds for the construction of rural schools and sanatoriums for poor peasants. He worked as a doctor as a volunteer. Even in recent years, when he himself was seriously ill, he did not stop taking patients at certain hours and supply them with medicines free of charge.
- An interesting fact is that Chekhov has collected postage stamps from different countries for almost his entire life. This was his favorite hobby. He also liked to write funny names that met with real people. Naturally, he used many of them in his stories.
- His favorite dogs were dachshunds. Cheerful by nature, he gave very funny names to his pets. His two favorite dogs bore the names of Brom Isayevich and Khina Markovna.
- The writer had a huge number of notebooks. There he wrote down literally everything that at least attracted his attention.
- Chekhov was friends with the outstanding composer P.I. Tchaikovsky, and even dedicated to him a work called "Gloomy Morning".
- Few people know the fact that it was thanks to his friendship with Chekhov that Maxim Gorky was able to publish his own, later famous, play “At the Bottom”.
- When Chekhov first saw Sergei Rakhmaninov, he said: "A big man will come out of you." On the question of the grounds on which he made such a "prediction", Anton Pavlovich answered simply: "it is written on your face."
- The most famous portrait of Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, which is available in almost all world editions of his works, belongs to the work of Osip Braz. However, the writer himself spoke of this portrait is not very flattering. He said that in him "there is something not mine, and there is no something mine". He also used to say that "if he became a pessimist and writes dark stories, a portrait is to blame."
- And practically nobody knows this interesting fact about Chekhov. Stanislavsky says that once his old acquaintance came to visit him. He was a cheerful person who was considered by society "a little bit dissolute." He communicated with everyone, joked and laughed, while Chekhov, meanwhile, looked intently at the guest. When he left, Anton Pavlovich began asking Stanislavsky about this man. When the owner decided to ask about the reason for such curiosity, Chekhov exclaimed: "Of course, he is a suicide." A few years later Stanislavsky was amazed to find out that this friend of his had committed suicide by drinking poison. This truly mystical insight of the writer deeply impressed the director.
- When Chekhov learned that he had tuberculosis, he did not want anyone to know about it. He never complained and did not disturb his close people even in moments of extreme aggravation of the disease that tormented him.
- An extremely interesting fact is that Chekhov loved editing other people's stories. He often collected works of art from newspapers and "polished" them. The writer himself called it gymnastics for the mind.
- Literary scholars know that only contemporaries told interesting facts about Chekhov. The writer himself didn’t like to talk about himself. When it came to him writing a brief biographical account of his life, he would laugh it off, saying that he had an autobiographophobia.
- Chekhov was the first writer to make a selfless journey to Sakhalin Island, where the convicts convicts lived. It was the hardest for his health a trip of 10 thousand km., Which lasted 81 days, with 4 thousand kilometers made by horse, not by train (in the article "Interesting Facts about Russia" you can find out that the Trans-Siberian Highway was not built). Ten-hour travel in wet felt boots led to a serious aggravation of the symptoms of the disease. As an experienced doctor, Chekhov realized that he had tuberculosis. Ultimately, it was this trip that became the catalyst for the writer's illness. That, at least, was considered by his relatives. The result of this journey were the works "From Siberia" and "Sakhalin Island". It is curious that Chekhov conducted a survey of almost ten thousand Sakhalin residents, having, in fact, conducted the first census of local residents.
- Contrary to popular opinion, Chekhov, until his death, could not part with the profession of a doctor. In 1904, when the Russian-Japanese war began, he wrote to his friend that he wanted to go to the Far East as a doctor, and not a correspondent. If in a few months he had not died, perhaps he would have become the first writer to have passed the war, ahead of Hemingway and Remarque.
- It must be said that the short, simple and surprisingly talented stories of Chekhov were a real revolution in literature. Before that, no one even tried to write like that. But really, what was the young genius to do after such titans of thought as Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Turgenev? After all, these giants have already written everything they can, have taught people to live and artistically comprehend the soul. But then Chekhov appears!
- Olga Knipper, the writer's wife, was upset that her husband does not have "major" works. To which Chekhov replied: "This is mine, Dusya, small handwriting ...".
- An interesting fact is that after the death of Anton Pavlovich Lev Tolstoy said: "Chekhov created new, completely new, in my opinion, forms of writing for the whole world, the likes of which I have not seen anywhere else ...". It was Lev Nikolayevich who said: "Chekhov is Pushkin in prose."
- Anton Chekhov was an extremely hospitable person. On other days in his house they slept on all beds, sofas and benches. Sometimes even in the hallway. Melikhov wrote: "Chekhov hosted guests in such an unparalleled amount, as if he had not a house, but a hotel."
- Almost all the performances of the plays of Anton Pavlovich at the first performances had a failure. The performances in his works are not struck instantly, but forever, becoming world masterpieces.
- In the West, Chekhov, as the incomparable creator of humorous stories, is practically unknown. He is known as a brilliant playwright, equal in magnitude to Shakespeare. Bernard Shaw wrote: "In the galaxy of great European playwrights ... the name of Chekhov shines like a star of the first magnitude."
- This interesting fact will be understandable to those who read the magnificent story "Jumping". The artist Levitan, a close friend of the writer, almost challenged Chekhov to a duel for this story, because he recognized himself in the artist Ryabovsky, and in Olga Dymova - their common acquaintance.
- When Chekhov's father died, Anton Pavlovich got his ring with the inscription: "The lonely desert everywhere." He always carried it with him.
- Once Chekhov wrote to his brother: "If we talk about ranks, then in Russian art he (P. I. Tchaikovsky) now takes second place after Leo Tolstoy, who has long been sitting on the first. (I give the third Repin, and take myself ninety-eighth ) ".
- Almost all contemporaries of Anton Pavlovich celebrate his amazing modesty. Having received the Pushkin Prize in 28 years, he has already become a celebrity. However, this did not cause star disease in the young writer. He was not one of those who like to impress and pathos.
- Another very interesting fact about Chekhov. Anton Pavlovich once wrote in a letter: "I do not know a language better than that of Lermontov. I learned to write from him." The search for "Lermontov's footprint" in the works of A.P. Chekhov - a favorite work of literary scholars.
- Almost the entire inheritance and copyright of the writer bequeathed to her sister Maria. Chekhov's wife, Olga Knipper, got 5 thousand rubles and a summer cottage in Gurzuf. However, the widow abandoned her "share" in favor of the same Chekhov sister.
- The last words of the testamentary letter, written to the sister from Germany, were purely "Chekhov's": "Help the poor. Take care of your mother. Live peacefully."
- The writer had no children, although he dreamed about them.
- Chekhov died at night, July 2, 1904, at the age of only 44 years. When he was leaving for Germany for treatment, he directly said to one friend: "I'm going to die."
- That night he woke up, and for the first time he asked to call a doctor. Then Chekhov said in German: "Ich sterbe" (their shterbe) - I am dying. Then he repeated it twice in Russian. Then Olga Knipper tells how he asked her to pour him champagne. After drinking, he turned his face to her, smiled his amazing smile and said: "I have not drunk champagne for a long time." After that, he lay down on his left side and fell silent forever.
Chekhov's last photo on his deathbed
- According to the laws of Germany, those who died of tuberculosis were forbidden to be transported somewhere, they needed to be cremated urgently. But Olga Knipper, Chekhov's wife, agreed, and a local official got her a refrigerated wagon for transporting frozen oysters. That is how Chekhov’s body was delivered to Moscow.
- Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was buried in the cemetery of the Novodevichy Monastery, near his father.
Original autograph A. P. Chekhov
- In an article published in a German newspaper after Chekhov's death, his attending doctor, Eric Schwerer, wrote: “He endured his serious illness like a hero. With stoic, marvelous calm, he expected death. often, was nice, delicate and affable. "
- Olga Knipper-Chekhov outlived her husband, Anton Pavlovich Chekhov, by 55 years.
- The memory of the great Russian writer is honored in various fields, we present only some interesting facts. An asteroid in the main asteroid belt, a crater on Mercury, a city in the Moscow region, as well as institutes, libraries, museums, theaters and various communities not only in Russia, but also abroad are named after Chekhov.
We also recommend Chekhov's quotes and statements.
The Japanese writer Asahi Suehiko once wrote a triple, which is very well suited to complete this article:
Anton Chekhov read.
I am dumb with astonishment.
If you liked interesting facts about Chekhov, share, please, in social networks with friends.
We recommend reading the facts about Pushkin. Very interesting - learn a lot of new things.