In newspapers, on television or simply in conversations, it is often possible to hear how people are called introverts or extroverts. However, not everyone knows what these concepts are.
And they denote types of people, relative to the system of psychological testing by Myers-Briggs. Through such testing, it is possible to quite accurately determine the psychological inclinations of one or another individual.
If you love tests or are really into psychology, then you should definitely get acquainted with the Myers-Briggs tests.
Moreover, many Western companies require the Myers-Briggs test for employment, and 70% of American graduates pass this test in order to find out their strengths and choose their future profession
The Myers-Briggs test uses tools by which basic mental functions can be measured. First of all, they include memory, attention and motility.
It is very important that such tests make it possible to identify functional disorders in the individual. According to the results of testing, the specialist can make the correct diagnosis and, if necessary, select an effective treatment.
The Myers-Briggs test was presented by US scientists Katherine Briggs and her daughter Isabel Myers-Briggs. Their development was carried out on the basis of the work "Psychological Types" by the famous psychiatrist Carl Jung.
As a result of hard work, scientists have created a unique testing system, which is still very popular.
What are psychological tests for?
In today's world, the practice of testing is very popular when applying for a job. According to the test results, the manager can give an objective assessment of the mental and physiological characteristics of the person.
For example, a human resources specialist from a solid organization asks potential employees to pass a test. For example, people read a short story, the plot of which should be a drawing.
Having made an analysis of such a pattern, one can quite well understand what a person is, what kind of stress resistance he has, and whether he is able to cope with tasks quickly.
Work on the test
The creators of the Myers-Briggs test, being greatly impressed by the psychological theory of types of Carl Jung, came to the conclusion that this theory can be effectively used in an applied sense.
They wanted to identify the individual differences of each individual, with the result that they created a special school. It was during the Second World War.
Catherine and her daughter Isabella Myers-Briggs wanted to help people understand their own self.
Along with this, they tried to ensure that after testing a person could determine which profession suits him best.
At first, scientists tested their tests on close friends and relatives. For decades, they upgraded the system, making the Myers-Briggs test one of the most famous in the world.
The Myers-Briggs test typology is very versatile, because it lacks positive or negative types.
The questionnaire itself is a relationship between the scales below.
EI Scale: Extraversion (E) and Introversion (I)
Karl Jung in his scale represented people reacting to interaction with the external environment. Extroverts, he called those who are comfortable to live in society. It is a pleasure to communicate with different people.
Introverts, on the contrary, prefer to live alone, avoiding frequent contact with society. According to Jung, a person may express inclinations of both an introvert and an extrovert, but at the same time he will relate only to a certain group.
In simple words, the EI scale tells about the general orientation of consciousness:
- E (extrovert) - orientation to external objects;
- I (introvert) - orientation inward, towards oneself.
Scale SN: Sensory (S) and Intuition (N)
The SN scale is designed to collect information from the external environment. Absolutely all people, both introverts and extroverts, use common sense in their life (or sensation, that is, something that can be touched and passed through their experience) and intuition. But still, according to the test, Myers-Briggs, a person can relate to only one type.
People like S prefer to rely on common sense and use their own senses. They pay more attention to reality, accumulating experience and trusting only facts.
People prone to intuitive thinking N are more interested in impressions and schemes. As a rule, they like to create abstract theories and reflect on a global future, viewing the whole picture of the world.
In simple terms, the SN scale reflects the chosen way of orientation in a situation:
- S (sensorics) - orientation to the facts and the experience gained;
- N (intuition) - focus on premonitions, general information.
Thinking (T) and Feeling (F)
People of type T when making decisions are guided by their experience and knowledge. When thinking, they stop their attention on objective data, relying on logical thinking.
And those people who are subject to the feelings of F, make decisions and make actions based on emotions and feelings.
In simple terms, the TF scale on how a person makes decisions:
- T (thinking, logic) - the ability to rationally weigh the pros and cons;
- F (feeling, ethics) - decisions are made emotionally.
Judgment (J) and Perception (P)
Through this scale, you can find out how this or that person interacts with the external environment. Solid and analyzed solutions for those individuals who primarily prefer to think and analyze J.
People of type P are more prone to perception. As a rule, they are very open, so it is easier for them to adapt to a particular situation or society.
In simple terms, the JP scale shows how the solution is prepared:
- J (judgment and rationality) - planning and sequencing;
- P (perception and irrationality) - the desire to navigate according to circumstances, the ability to adapt.
Features of the Myers-Briggs test
The main difference between the Myers-Briggs test and other testing systems is that this system is not, in fact, a test. There are no right or wrong answers in it, since all types are absolutely equal among themselves.
Another difference is that the final results do not compare with any template and are not checked according to certain standards. The Myers-Briggs system only provides detailed information about the features of an individual.
Questions of psychological testing
During testing, the entire procedure must meet certain conditions.
- You must have the appropriate equipment: a testing program, a computer, etc.
- Test participants must undergo a special briefing before answering questions.
- It is necessary to establish in advance certain terms of passing the test.
In order to get reliable results, a professional must perform the Myers-Briggs test. For this reason, large organizations are willing to pay any costs to meet all the conditions of testing.
In small companies, a human resources specialist or a manager with a psychologist’s background can conduct a survey.
Myers-Briggs System Reliability
Although the system itself has proven itself on the positive side, according to some studies, it has weaknesses. For example, people who passed the Myers-Briggs test for the second time showed completely different results.
The National Research Council explains this by the fact that during the testing process, Myers-Briggs did not conduct research in programs on the orientation of the professional.
That is, in fact, their typology, built on ineffective techniques.
Criticism of the Myers-Briggs Test
The collected practical data from highly qualified psychologists have shown that certain types of scales do not function at the clinical diagnostic level.
According to E. F. Abelskoy, the results are applicable for a sociological survey, but in no case for an individual.
She argued that inaccuracies could have a negative impact on the determination of any particular type of individual.
Also, the Myers-Briggs system type indicator was criticized because of the distribution of answers, since with such a development of events, the mass of people can be attributed to different types with a small difference in measurements. In turn, this also increases the chances of errors and inaccuracies.
Despite criticism, the Myers-Briggs test remains one of the most popular in the world. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you pass it. This will allow you to look at yourself and learn a lot about yourself.