Nikolay Nosov

Nikolay Nosov - Soviet children's writer and screenwriter. He is the author of works about Dunno, which all children loved so much.

In the biography of Nosov there were many different awards and combat medals. In 1952 he became the winner of the Stalin Prize of the 3rd degree.

In this short article we want to introduce you to the main details of the life of this wonderful children's writer.

So before you Biography of Nikolay Nosov.

Biography of Nosov

Nikolay Nikolaevich Nosov was born on November 10, 1908 in Kiev. His father was an entertainer, but when there was a lull in his creative life, he worked as a railroad worker.

In addition to Nicholas, two more boys and one girl were born in the Nosov family: the elder brother Peter and the younger brother and sister.

Childhood and youth

As a child, Nikolai Nosov was very inquisitive and keenly interested in theatrical art. He liked to attend concerts at which his father and other artists performed.

At one time he wanted to learn how to play the violin, but he still failed to master this musical instrument.


Already at the beginning of his biography, Nikolay Nosov ran into various difficulties. His childhood fell on the years of the First World War (1914-1918), as a result of which he often was undernourished.

During this period, the entire Nosov family, including Nikolai, suffered from typhus. By some miracle, the boy remained alive, aching the longest.

However, along with the difficulties there were joyful moments in the life of the future writer. The young man was keen on photography and playing chess, and was also interested in electrical engineering.

When Nosov was 14 years old, he took up any work in order to earn at least some money. He sold newspapers, worked as a mower, and also dug up the earth.

In 1924, when Vladimir Lenin died, Nosov graduated from school. After that, the young man worked in factories for the production of concrete and bricks.

Job search

Interestingly, in his early years, Nikolai Nosov was seriously interested in chemistry. He even had a miniature laboratory in his house. For a while he wanted to become a chemist, but this dream never came true.

After graduating from night school, 19-year-old Nicholas enters the Kiev Art Institute. After studying in it for 2 years, he transferred to the Moscow Institute of Cinematography.

After that, he begins to work as a director and director of children's and educational films.

Literary creativity

In 1938, Nosov tried to write children's works. The first story in his biography was called "Instigators". It was printed in the magazine "Murzilka". Then in this edition were published and his other works.

Nikolay Nikolaevich Nosov

In 1945, after the end of the Second World War, the first collection of Nosov's stories “Knock-knock-knock” was published.

Then Nosov continues to work long and hard on writing stories, inventing new characters for children. As a result, already in a year his 2nd compilation "Steps" is published.

In one interview, Nikolai Nikolayevich admitted that he had become a writer by pure chance. In the beginning, he was simply inventing interesting stories, and then told them to his son.

The boy was so pleased to listen to his father that he constantly begged to tell him all the new stories.

Over time, Nosov decided to try himself as a writer, and from that moment on he never parted with the pen.

It is worth noting that at the time of writing the stories Nikolai Nosov paid great attention to child psychology. He believed that kids should be treated with affection and respect.

Thanks to this approach to writing books, he was able to quickly conquer the hearts of millions of kids.

Other children's works

In 1947, Nikolai Nosov published the adventure collection "Funny Stories." Children and adolescents were read interesting tales written in a simple and understandable form.

In 1952, the writer was awarded the Stalin Prize of the 3rd degree for the story "Vitya Maleev at School and at Home". In it, Nosov masterfully described such human qualities as friendship, loyalty and mutual assistance.

Along with this, he condemned deception, pride and betrayal. Thus, through his heroes, he communicated with children, trying to instill in them good manners. In 1954, based on this story, the beautiful film Two Friends was shot.


Perhaps the most famous character in the creative biography of Nosov is Dunno. And although he often found himself in ridiculous situations, he immediately aroused sympathy in children.

As a result, Nikolai Nikolayevich wrote the famous trilogy: "The Adventures of Dunno and His Friends", "Dunno in the Sunny City" and "Dunno on the Moon".

Ironic humorous

In 1969, a satirical compendium "Ironic humoresques" appeared from the pen of Nicolas Nosov. It was attended by stories on various instructive topics. Nosov described the relationship between teacher and student, parents and children, etc.

Interestingly, Nosov’s childhood and youth were very difficult. As mentioned earlier, he often went hungry, was sick, and began working as a teenager.

His close friends and colleagues argued that the writer had a complex and even difficult character.

However, despite this, in his works Nosov was able to describe in vivid colors the cute heroes he invented and find a subtle approach to children.

Personal life

The first wife in the biography of Nosov was Elena Mazurenko. In this marriage, they had a son, Peter, who in the future will become a photojournalist.

During the war, Elena worked on digging trenches. Unable to withstand such a load, in 1941 she died of heart failure.

The second wife of Nikolai Nikolaevich was Tatiana. In this marriage, the couple did not have children, but it was to her that Nosov dedicated "The Adventures of Dunno".


Nikolay Nikolaevich Nosov died in Moscow on July 26, 1976 at the age of 67 years. He was buried at the Kuntsevo cemetery.

Nosov left behind a huge literary heritage. Today, his books are still being published in large print runs, and films are being made based on his stories.

Watch the video: DUNNO LEARNS, cartoon, USSR, 1961 with ENGLISH subtitles (March 2020).