20 most intelligent people in the history of Russialisted in this list have manifested themselves in various fields of knowledge. They represent the true pride of Russia and its intellectual foundation.
As Isaac Newton said: "If I saw farther than others, it was because I stood on the shoulders of giants."
So, we will consider the TOP-20 of the smartest Russian mathematicians, philosophers, psychologists, biologists and other representatives of the scientific world. Fans of the most very most will be interesting!
Mikhail Lomonosov was an extraordinarily versatile personality. That he is considered the first Russian natural scientist.
He made a significant contribution to the development of astronomy, chemistry, physics, geography, literature, history, painting and geology.
Over the years of his biography, Lomonosov invented optical instruments and mechanisms for ship navigation that were innovative for his time, and also made a lot of discoveries in physics and chemistry.
That is why he is one of the smartest people in the history of Russia. Interesting facts about Lomonosov read here.
We have heard about this outstanding scientist since school. Mendeleev is the author of the table of chemical elements, named after him. However, few people know that in addition to chemistry, he also made a great contribution to the development of the oil industry.
Dmitri Mendeleev first proposed to transport oil through pipes. In addition, he understood how to produce oils from oil waste, the cost of which was several times lower than that of kerosene.
Thanks to this, Russia was able not only to abandon the purchase of kerosene from the United States, but also to import oil products to different countries.
An interesting fact is that Dmitry Ivanovich was nominated three times for the Nobel Prize, but he did not become a laureate.
As a professor and rector of Kazan University, Lobachevsky published many books on mathematics. Nevertheless, all his works were criticized for the reason that he promoted the metric system of calculation.
The Russian mathematician refuted the 5th postulate of Euclid, calling the axiom of parallelism "arbitrary restriction". He developed a completely new non-Euclidean trigonometry of space, as well as differential geometry with the calculation of lengths, volumes and areas.
Only after the death of a scientist, his works caused a lively interest in the scientific world. It turned out that Lobachevsky's geometry can quite serve as an alternative to Euclidean geometry. All these discoveries influenced the further development of mathematics and physics.
Sofia Kovalevskaya is the first woman professor in the world and the first woman in Russia to be a corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
She was a Ph.D., a talented mathematician, a specialist in celestial mechanics and a writer.
Sophia has achieved unprecedented heights in various scientific fields, despite the gender prejudices of that time.
Vernadsky is a world-famous natural scientist, biogeochemist, philosopher, geologist, mineralologist and one of the representatives of Russian cosmism.
He is considered the father of the Soviet nuclear program. An interesting fact is that at the age of 5 he overcame the fundamental work of Tatishchev - “Russian History since the most ancient times”.
However, his most important contribution to science is the description of the laws of the biosphere of the Earth and the noosphere, as an integral part of it. For his achievements in 1943, Vernadsky was awarded the Stalin Prize of 1 degree.
Today, all of humanity is using the invention of Zhores Alferov, the Russian Nobel Prize winner in 2000. Heterostructural semiconductors created by scientists are installed in all mobile phones.
All fiber-optic communication is based on its semiconductors and the Alferov laser. Lasers can be seen in the CD players and drives of modern computers. Also, his inventions are used in the manufacture of automotive headlights and traffic lights.
An interesting fact is that Alferov made his discoveries at the turn of the 60-70s. last century. That is why he was in the ranking of the 20 most intelligent people in the history of Russia.
Kirik Novgorodite is a mathematician, thinker, chronicler, hieromonk, and musician of the 12th century. He is the author of the first Russian mathematical and astronomical work "The Teaching of Numbers".
He could freely use the concept of time cyclicity, complex fractions and arithmetic amounts from 1 / 5⁷ to tens of millions. Some believe that a scientist can be the author of the book "Questioning Kirikov."
Smolyatich is an outstanding Russian thinker and theologian of the 12th century. In the period 1147-1155 he was Metropolitan of Kievan Rus. Curiously, Clement was among the most educated people of its time.
The ancient chronicles speak of him as "a scribe and philosopher, which have never happened on Russian soil yet."
Lev Landau can be called a child prodigy. At the age of 13, he successfully graduated from 10 classes, and then entered immediately on 2 faculties - chemical and physical-mathematical.
Over the years of his biography, Landau received three USSR State Prizes and became a member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Denmark, the Netherlands and the USA. In 1962, he won the Nobel Prize "for the fundamental theories of condensed matter, especially liquid helium."
An interesting fact is that the award ceremony was held in a Moscow hospital for the first time in history, since on the eve of the award, the scientist had a car accident.
Pavlova can rightly be considered one of the smartest people in the history of Russia. In 1904, he was given the Nobel Prize for his work on the physiology of digestion. He was able to achieve great heights in science, making a huge contribution to the development of physiologists.
Also Pavlov was interested in painting, having in his collection a lot of famous paintings. He also collected butterflies, stamps and unique books.
Having studied many scientific papers, Ivan Petrovich came to the conclusion that the use of meat has a negative effect on human life. For this reason, the scientist became a vegetarian.
Andrei Kolmogorov is one of the greatest mathematicians of the last century. He made many discoveries in such areas as topology, geometry, mathematical logic, mechanics, etc.
In addition, he achieved high results in relation to the theory of turbulence, the theory of complexity of algorithms, information theory, the theory of functions, the theory of trigonometric series, the theory of sets, the theory of differential equations and the theory of dynamical systems.
From the pen of Kolmogorov came a lot of innovative works on philosophy, history and methodology. The famous Russian mathematician was a welcome guest in any country where crowds of people gathered to listen.
Nikolai Yakovlevich is an eminent sociologist, geopolitician, cultural scientist and naturalist. He was one of the leaders of a civilized approach to history.
Danilevsky critically looked at the "Europeanization" of Russia, seeing in it a great danger to the country. He argued that Russia should go its own way, focused on Orthodox culture and the monarchy.
The thinker had dreamed all his life about the formation of the Pan-Slavic Union and had a negative attitude towards the development of his country in the style of the United States.
George Gamow - the author of the theory of "hot universe." At the age of 24, he developed a theory of alpha decay.
When he turned 28, he became the youngest corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences in history. In addition, the scientist spoke fluently in 6 languages.
Gamow was an unsurpassed expert in astrophysics and cosmology. Known for his work on quantum mechanics, atomic and nuclear physics, astrophysics, cosmology, biology.
He was the first to calculate models of stars with thermonuclear reactions, put forward a theory regarding the shell of the red giant, and studied the role of neutrinos in the outbreaks of new and supernovae.
In the middle of the last century, Georgy Antonovich was the first to characterize the problem of the genetic code. He is also the author of many scientific works in which the writer explained modern discoveries, theories and achievements in simple language.
An interesting fact is that Gamow was not only a great scientist, but also an extraordinary man, which his friends and contemporaries repeatedly noted. But it’s worth writing a separate article about his life.
Sergey Averintsev is a famous philologist, thinker, cultural scientist and biblical scholar. An authoritative expert in the study of ancient and medieval literature and philosophy.
Since 1990 he was the chairman of the Russian Bible Society, and also was a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences. Dying in 2004, Averintsev left behind many scientific articles, essays, monographs and translations.
An outstanding Russian philosopher and cultural scientist of the 20th century. His works, in which the creative work of Dostoevsky and Rabelais scrupulously understands, became a real sensation all over the world.
His work "Towards the Philosophy of an Act" gained immense popularity and became a reference book for many representatives of the scientific world.
Being in exile in Kazakhstan, Andropov personally took care of his release. As a result, in 1969, Mikhail arrived in Moscow, where he continued his work. His works were translated into many languages of the world.
An interesting fact is that the governments of France and Japan were the first in the world to publish his complete works. That is why Bakhtin was among the most intelligent people in the history of Russia.
Brilliant Russian psychiatrist, physiologist and neuropathologist. In 1907, he formed in St. Petersburg the Psychoneurological Institute, the first scientific center in the world, where a comprehensive study of man was conducted along with the study of psychology and neurology.
Bekhterev treated alcohol-dependent people through hypnosis, studied parapsychology, crowd psychology and telepathy.
One German scientist said the following about the Russian genius: "Only God and Bekhterev know the device of the brain perfectly."
Tsiolkovsky was an advanced Russian inventor and founder of theoretical cosmonautics. His labors were far ahead of their time.
He developed the flight theory of jet aircraft and presented his own model of a gas turbine engine.
An interesting fact is that, in addition to his scientific work, Tsiolkovsky advocated the development of eugenics, believed in the cat device of socium and stated that criminals should be split into atoms.
Kondratiev gained worldwide fame thanks to the creation of the concept of "long waves" - the idea of a plurality of economic cycles. His theory gained particular popularity in the second half of the 20th century.
The half-century cycles studied by Nikolai Dmitrievich are now called the “Kondratieff Cycles”. Shot in 1938.
Vygotsky is a famous Russian psychologist and the founder of cultural-historical theory. He made a great contribution to the development of defectology, so that millions of children with mental or physical disabilities found hope to get rid of their ailments.
According to many, the successes of Lev Semenovich in the field of psychology are comparable to the achievements of Sigmund Freud. When his book Thinking and Speech was published in English and Japanese, Vygotsky gained incredible popularity all over the world.
Some experts even called him "Mozart in psychology." It is therefore not surprising that he is among the most intelligent people in the history of Russia.
Peter Kropotkin is a Russian revolutionary anarchist and geographer. He was called the "father of anarchism." An interesting fact is that, already at death, he rejected Vladimir Lenin’s proposal to receive an improved ration and enjoy special privileges.
Kropotkin was one of the most enlightened people of his time. The revolutionary admitted that he considered the best works on the study of the mountain systems of Central Asia as his best works. For them he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Russian Geographical Society.
In addition, Peter Alekseevich was a profound connoisseur in the field of the Ice Age.